Academic Writing Guide

About the Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies

The Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies (TJDS) is a biannual, peer-reviewed academic journal and publishes articles in both English and Turkish. TJDS is motivated to make sufficient space for scholars across the globe who study a challenging subject traversing multiple disciplines and geographic borders. TJDS aims to create a platform in which the topic of the diaspora in its broadest meaning finds room for dissenting voices, diachronic and critical perspectives, and dynamic debates from any point of view.

Formatting and Templates

• All material submitted should be typed with lines one-and-a-half-spaced, have wide margins, and use one side of the paper.

• The manuscripts’ several parts (abstract, list of references, tables, and list of figure captions) should begin on separate sheets, and all parts should be typed and one-and-a-half-spaced.

• Tables should be prepared with a minimum of rules, following the format of tables in existing issues of the journal.

• The total length of a manuscript, including references, should not exceed 8000 words (6000-8000 words).

• Each article should be accompanied by a 150-200-word abstract in English.

• Articles written in Turkish should include abstracts in both English and Turkish.

• Articles written in Turkish must have an extended abstract giving the scope of the study for English readers.

• Extended abstract should not exceed 1000 words.

• The abstracts should include a maximum of 5 keywords.

American Psychological Association (APA) Style

While prioritizing the APA reference style in the articles sent to our journal, the writing guide also includes various regulations pertaining to the journal.

In-text Citations

Basic Format:

(Author’s Last Name(s) or Organization, Year).

Direct Quotes

In case you’re citing the precise words of somebody else, present the cite with an in-text quotation in brackets. Any sentence punctuation goes after the closing bracket.

• According to Abadan-Unat (2017), “Direct quote” (p. 102).

• Abadan-Unat (2017) found that “Direct quote” (p. 102).

• [Some other introduction] “Direct quote” (Abadan-Unat, 2017, p. 102).

• Abadan-Unat et al. (2017) argued that “Direct quotes” (p. 102).

Note: If there are two or more works by the same author published in the same year, add the letter (a-z) after the year.

Kaya (2014a) stated that…

Kaya (2014c) summed up…

In case you’re straightforwardly citing more than 40 words, utilize a blockquote. Square cites do not require citation marks. Instead, indent the text 1/2” as a visual cue that you are citing.

Laguerre (2013) study found the following:

The interface of parliament with the globalization process, to the existence of which it contributes, calls into question the relevance of the traditional parliament and pinpoints the need for change so that parliament can respond efficiently to extraterritorial diaspora initiatives and interference in homeland politics. (p. 3)

Note: Use direct quotes in a limited way! Centre on summarizing the results from multiple research studies. Within the sciences and social sciences, only use the exact phrasing or argument of an individual when vital.

Summarizing or Paraphrasing

When summarizing or paraphrasing, always add the last name of the author(s) and the year of the article.

According to Sheffer (2003), in general, state-linked diasporas adopt the communalist strategy to establish relationships with the host land on diplomatic, economic, social, and political grounds.

In-text citations vary depending on the number of authors recorded for work, and in case there’s a group author.

1 Author

You only need the author’s last name and the year.

(Anaz, 2020)

(Özkan, 2016, 2012, 2013)

Note: To cite a secondary source provide a references list entry for the secondary source you are citing. In the text, identify the primary source and then write “as cited in” the secondary source that you used. If the year of publication is known for the primary source, also include it in the text.

(Cohen & van Hear, 2020 as cited in Ceylan, 2021)

2 Author

-Link both authors’ last names with & (ampersand) and add the year.

(Wegener & Petty, 1994)

-If there are multiple works within the same reference by different authors, you need both authors’ last name and the year. List works alphabetically and separate references with a semicolon (;).

(Aksel, 2014; Okyay, 2015)

(Sheffer, 2003; Miller, Haas, & Castles, 2013; Dufoix, 2008; Vertovec, 1997; Butler, 2001)

3 or More Author

-If there are 3 or more authors use et al., which means “and others.”

(Harris et al., 2018)

Group Authors

First time with an abbreviation:

(Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies [TJDS], 2021)

Then all subsequent citations: (TJDS, 2021)

Note: If the authors paraphrase to a specific page in the source, that cited page number should be given.

References

Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies encourages authors to use APA style referencing. Authors should follow this format in the preparation of their typescripts. Only cited references should be listed. At the end of the main text, the references should be listed in alphabetical order by authors’ last name and in ascending chronological order for each author. Every source used in the bibliography section should be given under the title of the bibliography.

Basic Format:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date). Title of the work. Source where you can retrieve the work. URL or DOI if available

Book

1. Author(s). List each author’s last name and initials and use an ampersand (&) before the final author’s name.

2. (Year).

3. Title of the book.  For works that stand alone (e.g. books, reports), italicize the title. Only capitalize the first word of the title and subtitle and any appropriate nouns.

4. (Edition). If there is an edition or volume, include it in parentheses and use abbreviations of ed. or vol.

5. Publisher. You do not need to include the publisher location or databases where you retrieved it.

Sample: Gamlen, A. (2019). Human Geopolitics. (1st ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Edited Book

1. Editor(s) of the book – last name and initials, use & for multiple editors. (Ed. or Eds.).

2. (Year).

3. Title of book ((italicized).

4. Publisher.

5. DOI or Web address / if available.

Sample: Abadan-Unat, N., & Mirdal, G. (Ed.). (2015). Emancipation in Exile: Perspectives on the Empowerment of Migrant Women. Istanbul Bilgi University Press.

Book Chapter with Editor(s)

1. Author(s). List each chapter author’s last name and initials and use an ampersand (&) before the final author’s name.

2. (Year).

3. Title of the chapter. For works that are part of a greater whole (e.g. articles, chapter), use sentence case. Only the first word of the title and subtitle and appropriate nouns are capitalized.

4. In Editor(s), List each editor’s last name and initials. Editors, include (Ed.) or (Eds.) in parentheses, and end with a comma.

5. Title of the book For works that stand alone (e.g. books, reports), italicize the title. Only capitalize the first word of the title and subtitle and any appropriate nouns.

6. (pp.aa-bb).

7. Publisher. You do not need to include the publisher location or databases where you retrieved it.

Sample: McCormack, B., McCance, T., & Maben, J. (2013). Outcome evaluation in the development of person-centred practice. In B. McCormack, K. Manley, & A. Titchen (Eds.), Practice development in nursing and healthcare (pp.190-211). John Wiley & Sons.

Journal

 1. Author(s). List each author’s last name and initial and use an ampersand (&) before the final author’s name.

2. (Year).

3. Title of the article. For works that are part of a greater whole (e.g. articles, chapter), use sentence case. Only the first word of the title and subtitle and appropriate nouns are capitalized.

4. Title of the Journal, Italicize and capitalize each word in the journal.

5. Volume Italicize the journal volume. If there is no issue, include a comma before the page range.

6. (Issue), If there is an issue number in addition to a volume number, include it in parentheses.

7. Page range.

8. DOI (Digital Object Identifier)

Sample: Bodocan, V., & Egresi, I., (2021). Diaspora FDI: Why do returning migrants invest in their home countries and what are the main difficulties they face? the case of Romania. Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies,1 (1), 20-48. https://doi.org/10.52241/TJDS.2021.0003

Dissertation or Thesis

– Thesis – from website

1. Author – last name, initial(s).

2. (Year)

3. Title of dissertation or thesis- Italicised

4. [Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis, Institution]

5. Archive name. https://tjds.org.tr/

Sample: Köse, M. (2020). The Development of Diaspora Policies Through Political Participation of Turkish Diaspora. [Doctoral dissertation, Istanbul University]. https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/

– Thesis – from database

1. Author – last name, initials.

2. (Year).

3. Title of thesis – Italicised (Publication No. – if available) [Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis, Institution].

4. Database Name.

Sample: Cebe, B. (2021). Integration of Turkish Migrants in the Context of Socio-Economic Discrimination in the Netherlands (Publication No. 10404528) [Master‘s Thesis, Istanbul Medeniyet University]. Ulusal Tez Merkezi.

Web Page

1. Author(s). List each author’s last name and initials. If there is no author, spell out the name of the organization or site.

2. (Year, Month Date). Provide as specific a date as is available. Use the date last updated, but not the date last reviewed or copyright date. If there is no date, use (n.d.).

3. Title of page or section. – Italicised.

4. Source. Usually the official name of the website. If the source would be the same as the author, you can omit the source to avoid repetition.

5. URL

6. Date of access. (Accessed on aa.bb.cccc)

Sample: Migration Data Portal. (2021, March 24). Citizenship and Migration. https://www.migrationdataportal.org/themes/citizenship-and-migration (Accessed on 19.08.2021).

Newspaper or Magazine

1. Author(s). List each author’s last name and initials and use an ampersand (&) before the final author’s name.

2. (Year, Month Date). You do not need to abbreviate the month.

3. Title of the article. For works that are part of a greater whole (e.g. articles, chapter), use sentence case. Only the first word of the title and subtitle and appropriate nouns are capitalized.

4. Title of the Newspaper or Publication. Italicize and capitalize each word in the publication.

5. URL

6. Date of Access. (Accessed on aa.bb.cccc)

Sample: Abdullah, H. (2017, October 1). Turkey grants citizenship to over 500 Ahiska Turks. TRT World. https://www.trtworld.com/turkey/turkey-grants citizenship-to-over-500-Ahiska-Turks-10983 (Accessed on 19.08.20)

Online Report

1. Author(s). List each author’s last name and initials as. If there is no author, spell out the name of the organization that published the report.

2. (Year, Month Date). Provide as specific a date as is available.

3. Title of the report or document. For works that stand alone (e.g. books, reports), italicize the title. Only capitalize the first word of the title and subtitle and any proper nouns.

4. Source. Includes the names of parent agencies or other organizations not listed in the group author name here.

5. URL

Sample: Ünay, H. (2020, Aralık). Düzensiz Göçmenlerin Sınırı Geçme Deneyimleri ve Kararlılıklarının Analizi: Pazarkule Sınır Kapısı Örneği. Migration Research Foundation. https://gocvakfi.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/GAV-RAPOR-Hakan-U%CC%88nay-1.pd